UK’s Indo-Pacific tilt begins to take shape

UK’s Indo-Pacific tilt begins to take shape

Britain has made its first decisive post-Brexit free trade move with an application to join the 11-nation Asia-Pacific Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

The UK has committed to an Indo-Pacific tilt as it reconfigures its foreign policy as a non-member of the European Union (EU) and as one of its first major steps in the direction of creating a “Global Britain”, it has now formally applied to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), one of the world’s largest free-trade areas made up of 11 developed and emerging economies in the Asia-Pacific region.

The decision to join the CPTPP, comprising of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam, marks a year since the UK left the EU on January 31 last year and entered a Brexit transition period which concluded at the start of this year.

It reflects a critical part of the Boris Johnson led government’s wider trade strategy, which aims to deepen links with faster-growing parts of the world and partnering with countries who believe in free and fair trade, including India.

Trade champion

Boris Johnson said: “One year after our departure for the EU we are forging new partnerships that will bring enormous economic benefits for the people of Britain.

“Applying to be the first new country to join the CPTPP demonstrates our ambition to do business on the best terms with our friends and partners all over the world and be an enthusiastic champion of global free trade.”

UK International Trade Secretary Liz Truss spoke to Japanese Minister for CPTPP Yasutoshi Nishimura, who is the Chair of the 2021 CPTPP commission, and Damien O’Connor, Minister for Trade and Economic Growth in New Zealand, which stores official documentation for all CPTPP members, this week to make the official request to join, with formal negotiations for its first major post-Brexit multilateral trading move set to start this year.

Truss said: “Joining CPTPP will create enormous opportunities for UK businesses that simply weren’t there as part of the EU and deepen our ties with some of the fastest-growing markets in the world.

“It will mean lower tariffs for car manufacturers and whisky producers, and better access for our brilliant services providers, delivering quality jobs and greater prosperity for people here at home. We’re at the front of the queue and look forward to starting formal negotiations in the coming months.”

New opportunities

The government says the CPTPP would deepen the UK’s access to fast-growing markets and major economies, including Mexico, Malaysia and Vietnam, for the benefit of British business. The Department for International Trade (DIT) hopes joining the £9 trillion partnership will cut tariffs for UK industries, including food and drink and cars, while also creating new opportunities for modern industries like tech and services, ultimately supporting and creating high-value jobs across the UK. Unlike EU membership, joining does not require the UK to cede control over our laws, borders, or money, it highlights.

Lord Karan Bilimoria, the President of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), said: “This ambition marks a new chapter for our independent trade policy. As one of the largest free trade agreements in the world, these 11 countries contribute over £100 billion to our economy.

“Membership of the bloc has the potential to deliver new opportunities for UK business across different sectors. The CBI will continue to work with the government to ensure that firms get the most out of an agreement that will create jobs and deliver wide-ranging benefits to communities across the country.”

Digital trade

The UK believes that the CPTPP would deepen its access to fast-growing markets and major economies, including Mexico, Malaysia and Vietnam, for the benefit of British business.
The UK believes that the CPTPP would deepen its access to fast-growing markets and major economies, including Mexico, Malaysia and Vietnam, for the benefit of British business.Courtesy: Reuters

According to official statistics, UK trade with the group was worth £111 billion last year, growing by 8 per cent a year since 2016.

The benefits of CPTPP membership highlighted by the DIT include:

  • modern digital trade rules that allow data to flow freely between members, remove unnecessary barriers for businesses, and protect commercial source code and encryption;

  • eliminating tariffs quicker on UK exports including whisky (down from 165 per cent to 0 per cent in Malaysia) and cars (reducing to 0 per cent in Canada by 2022, two years earlier than through the UK-Canada trade deal);

  • “Rules of Origin” that allow content from any country within CPTPP to count as “originating”, for example which would mean that cars made in the UK could use more Japanese-originating car parts, such as batteries;

  • and also easier travel for businesspeople between CPTPP countries, such as the potential for faster and cheaper visas.

Julian David, CEO of techUK, said: “The UK has been a major beneficiary of the rise of digital trade with over 67 per cent of service exports worth £190.3 billion being digitally delivered. CPTPP will open up new markets for innovative tech SMEs [small and medium enterprises] looking to grow and expand beyond our borders.”

The UK says its membership will complement the bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) it has already concluded or is negotiating with nine of the CPTPP members, including Japan and Canada.

Mike Cherry, Chair of the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB), added: “Crucially, at the very heart of this agreement is an SME chapter, something that we have lobbied for the inclusion of in every FTA, ensuring that no business is left behind.

“This is truly a world-leading agreement and one that will genuinely help small firms to thrive and succeed more than ever.”

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